Can Development Impact Fees Help Mitigate Urban Sprawl? with Gregory S. Burge, Arthur C. Nelson, Julian C. Juergensmeyer, and James C. Nicholas.  Journal of the American Planning Association, Volume 79 (3), 235-248.

Lock-in and Team Effects: Recruiting and Success in College Football Athletics, with Brandli Stitzel, forthcoming in Journal of Sports Economics.

Searching for Goldilocks: The Non-linear Spatial Capitalization Effects of Local Public Services, forthcoming in Real Estate Economics.

What Drives State Tax Reform?, with James Alm and Steven M. Sheffrin.  Forthcoming in Public Finance Review.

Getting What We Vote For: A Regression Discontinuity Test of Ballot Initiative Outcomes, forthcoming in Regional Science and Urban Economics.

Working Papers

“Do Local Fiscal Overrides Translate into Home Prices?”

“Analyzing the Differential Impact of Mandatory Water Conservation on Water Usage”, with Brandli Stitzel.

Using 14 years of household-level water usage for the city of Norman, Oklahoma, this paper attempts to identify the true efficacy of water reduction efforts. Since 2002, the city has enacted measures to reduce water usage four times. These measures are generally aimed at limiting lawn watering and car washing. Preliminary results suggest these measures are effective at reducing water usage by 25%. However, this water reduction is extremely heterogeneous by home value. Smaller, less expensive homes cut their water usage by an average of 60%. More expensive homes reduce their water usage by about 20% on average. These findings indicate that while temporary water reduction efforts can cut water usage for the majority of homes, these effects are not equal across homeowners.

“Building Size and Impact Fee Cutoffs in Florida” with Gregory Burge.

“Effects of Local Public Service Access on Non-Residential Pricing”

This paper attempts to identify the effects of three types of services; fire, police, and hospitals on the price of non-residential land in the state of Florida. Using a 20 year panel of sales, preliminary findings suggest that there exists a great deal of heterogeneity in capitalization effects. This demonstrates that aggregating non-residential structures into a small number of categories when considering capitalization effects may mask a large degree of differential pricing responses.

“The Determinants of Impact Fee Rollbacks in Florida”, with Gregory Burge.

In the aftermath of the 2008 recession, a number of counties in Florida have responded to the housing crisis by reducing or rescinding their impact fee programs. These policy changes have almost always been enacted in a stated effort to restore housing construction rates and prices. This may have a serious impact on local fiscal conditions by causing these counties to collect less future revenues from new development. This paper attempts to identify the determinants of why some counties chose to rollback their impact fee programs, while others kept them in place with little change. We find that contingent upon a recession occurring, the depth and length of the downturn as well as political voting trends have little effect on impact fee rollbacks. Instead, counties where impact fee rates were actively managed at a higher frequency were more willing to them back after the recession began. This has a strong implication for county planning and development departments as they generally have little control over rollbacks, but do tend to have some sway over the frequency of impact fee rate management.

Preliminary Research

“State and Local Infrastructure Spending and Outcomes”, with James Alm.

“Income Surtax Variation and School District Expenditures”, with James Alm.